Victorian Poetry timeline

Victorian Timeline: Poetry and Contexts
GREEN for poetics texts
RED for contexts
 
1826 Hemans, “To Wordsworth”
 
1827 Keble, The Christian Year
 
1828 Keepsake first published; Hemans, “The Grave of a Poetess”
 
1830 Tennyson, “Mariana”
 
1831 Hallam, “On Some of the Characteristics of Modern Poetry”
 
1832 First Reform Bill
 
1833 Factory Act; John Stuart Mill, “What is Poetry?” and “Two Kinds of Poetry”; start of Oxford Movement and Tracts for the Times
 
1836 Browning, “Porphyria’s Lover”; Charlotte Brontë , “Reason”; First train in London
 
1837 Emily Brontë, “The Night is Darkening Round Me”; Victoria becomes queen
 
1838 L. E. L., “Felicia Hemans”; Eliza Cook, “The Old Arm-Chair”; “People’s Charter” issued by Chartist Movement
 
1840 Browning, Sordello; Victoria marries Prince Albert
 
1842 Tennyson, “Break, break, break”; Chartist riots; Mudie’s Circulating Library
 
1843 Wordsworth becomes Poet Laureate
 
1844 Barrett, Poems
 
1845 Anne Brontë, “Dreams”; Browning, Dramatic Romances and Lyrics
 
1845-6 Potato Famine in Ireland. Mass Emigration to North America
 
1846 Poems by Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell; Emily Brontë , “‘No coward soul is mine’”; Lear, A Book of Nonsense; Marriage of Elizabeth Barrett and Robert Browning
 
1847 Tennyson, The Princess; Christina Rossetti, Verses; Ten Hours Factory Act
 
1848 Charlotte Brontë, “On the Death of Emily Jane Brontë”; D. G. Rossetti begins “Jenny”; Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood founded; Revolution in Europe
 
1849 Arnold, The Strayed Reveller
 
1850 Wordsworth, Prelude; Tennyson, In Memoriam; Barrett Browning, “Sonnets from the Portuguese”; Wordsworth dies; Arnold, “Memorial Verses”; Tennyson Poet Laureate; D. G. Rossetti, “Hand and Soul” and “The Blessed Damozel” (begun 1847)
 
1851 Arnold, “Dover Beach”
 
1854-56 Crimean War
 
1852 Browning, Essay on Shelley
 
1854 Patmore, Angel in the House (1854-62)
 
1855 Browning, Men and Women (includes “A Toccata of Galuppi’s”); Tennyson, Maud and Other Poems
 
1856 Barrett Browning, Aurora Leigh (dated 1857)
 
1857 Moxon published illustrated edition of Tennyson’s Poems; Indian Mutiny; Matrimonial Causes Act
 
1858 William Barnes, “Childhood”
 
1860 Barrett Browning, Poems before Congress; Sydney Dobell, “To the Authoress of ‘Aurora Leigh’”; Italian Unification
 
1861 Death of Prince Albert; Dora Greenwell, “To Elizabeth Barrett Browning in 1861”
 
1862 Meredith, Modern Love; Barrett Browning, Last Poems; Christina Rossetti, Goblin Market and Other Poems (includes “A Birthday”, “Song [‘When I am dead, my dearest’]” and “Uphill”)
 
1861-65 American Civil War
 
1864 Tennyson, Enoch Arden
 
1865 Arthur Munby, “The Serving Maid”
 
1866 Swinburne, Poems and Ballads, first series; Christina Rossetti, The Prince’s Progress, and Other Poems
 
1867 Second Reform Bill
 
1868 Browning, The Ring and the Book
 
1870 D. G. Rossetti, Poems (includes “Nuptial Sleep”); Augusta Webster, “A Castaway”; Married Women’s Property Act
 
1871 Buchanan’s “The Fleshly School of Poetry”; Newnham College (first women’s college) founded at Cambridge
 
1873 Pater, The Renaissance
 
1876 Carroll, The Hunting of the Snark
 
1877 Hopkins, “God’s Grandeur”; Queen Victoria made Empress of India
 
1878 Electric street lighting in London
 
1881 Amy Levy, Xantippe, and Other Poems; Christina Rossetti, “Monna Innominata”
 
1882 Married Women’s Property Act
 
1883 Meredith, Poems and Lyrics; Levy, “James Thomson: A Minor Poet”
 
1889 Michael Field, Long Ago; Levy, A London Plane-Tree and Other Poems; Arthur Symons, Days and Nights; death of Browning
 
1890 Johnson, “Bagley Wood”; Tennyson dies; first subway line in London
 
1891 Free elementary education
 
1892 Michael Field, Sight and Song; Dowson, “Villanelle of Sunset”; Wilde, Poems; Symons, Silhouettes
 
1893 Field, Underneath the Bough (includes “It was deep April” and “Cyclamens”); Christina Rossetti, Verses; Symons, The Decadent Movement in Literature
 
1894 Symons, London Nights; Yellow Book (1894-7); death of Christina Rossetti
 
1895 Augusta Webster, Mother and Daughter
 
1896 Mary Coleridge, Fancy’s Following
 
1897 Mary Coleridge, Fancy’s Guerdon
 
1898 Hardy, Wessex Poems and Other Verses; Wilde, The Ballad of Reading Gaol
 
1900 Hardy, “The Darkling Thrush”
 
1901 Hardy, Poems of Past and Present; Death of Queen Victoria; succession of Edward VII
 
 
 
 
 
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